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   2006| April-June  | Volume 18 | Issue 2  
    Online since November 10, 2015

 
 
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EMERGING TRENDS
Recent Advances in the Treatment of oral Cancer - An Overview
MR Divya, KS Nagesh, Asha R Iyengar, Jyoti Gupta, Neeraja Syagam Reddi
April-June 2006, 18(2):98-102
"Necessity is the mother of all inventions". This is also true in case of cancer therapy. Though malignant diseases are being treated by various therapeutic modalities, the greatest drawbacks are recurrence and distant metastases. Few of the treatment methods are also associated with serious side effects, disfigurement and disability. To overcome these setbacks, new treatment methods have been proposed, few of them seem to be very promising. This scientific paper is an overview of the recent advances in cancer therapy.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  747 339 -
REVIEW ARTICLE
Diagnostic Aids in Early Oral Cancer Detection - A Review
Ajit Dinakar, Sujata Satoskar
April-June 2006, 18(2):82-89
Oral cancer is one of the most mutilating diseases afflicting mankind. Precancerous lesions, conditions, and early stage oral cancers cannot be adequately identified by visual inspection alone and may be easily overlooked and neglected. Differentiation between early stage cancers, precancerous lesions and benign lesions is often difficult because of the similar appearance of these lesions. Moreover progressing premalignant lesions may be genetically different from their morphologically similar non-progressing counterparts. Early diagnosis is one of the most important single factors in combating oral cancer. Definitive diagnosis of malignant and benign lesions is commonly based on histological examination but a noninvasive and simple screening test may be desirable as an adjunctive method. Thus a method of detecting oral cancers and precancerous lesions at early curable stages is crucial and may lead to a reduction in the currently unacceptably high oral cancer morbidity and mortality rate. This article tries to briefly overview the various diagnostic aids and recent advances in early cancer detection.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  610 385 -
CASE REPORTS
Angina Bullosa Hemorrhagica - A Case Report
KT Magesh, N Malathi, S Anandan
April-June 2006, 18(2):103-105
Angina bullosa hemorrhagica ( ABH) is a rare lesion encountered in routine dental practice. This lesion usually presents as a localized hemorrhagic blister with unusual dimensions which makes the diagnosis difficult. This report is aimed to create awareness in the dental fraternity about the occurrence of the lesion given its rarity and the risk of misdiagnosis with other vesiculo bullous entities.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  304 129 -
RESEARCH ARTICLES
Clinical and Histologic Features Compared with AgNOR Count in Oral Leukoplakia, Erosive Lichen Planus, Oral Submucous Fibrosis and Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Sarbjeet Singh, L Ashok, S Shiva Prasad
April-June 2006, 18(2):90-97
Nucleolar organizing regions (NORs) are loops of DNA containing ribosomal RNA genes. In human, they are located on the short arm of the five acrocentric of certain chromosomes. An increase in number of AgNORs counts have been documented in some malignancies compared to their benign counter parts. The aim of the study was to correlate and compare AgNOR count in speckled leukoplakia, oral lichen planus, oral submucous fibrosis and in oral squamous cell carcinoma and to assess if AgNOR count could contribute to the pre-therapeutic assessment of the biologic aggressiveness of the disease and to detect malignant potential of premalignant lesion and conditions which could render us to assess the prognosis of the disease.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  210 99 -
SHORT COMMUNICATION
Non - Tobacco Induced Oral Cancer - A Case Report
Kayannush K Dadachanji, Chandrashekhar Kadam
April-June 2006, 18(2):129-133
Because of the overwhelming evidence for the role of tobacco & alcohol, there is a great interest in the minority of patients who develop oral cancer in the apparent absence of one or both of these risk factors. Lifelong abstainers from both these prevalent social customs are unusual people & little is known about their wider lifestyle. Oral cancer in non - tobacco users is a distinct clinical entity. The individuals tend to be elderly female patients, who may be passive smokers. Potential factors that may contribute to oral cancer development in non - tobacco users include nutritional deficiency, Human Papilloma Viruses Infection, gastro - intestinal reflux disease & lichen planus. Evaluation of these factors, along with the molecular mechanisms that underlie the onset & progress of tumor in this minority of oral cancer patients is a must
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  169 98 -
CASE REPORTS
Field Cancerization - A Case Report
K Sham Kishore, K Prashanth Shenai, Laxmikanth Chatra
April-June 2006, 18(2):124-128
Field cancerization was first described in 1953 as histologically altered epithelium surrounding tumor samples taken from the upper aerodigestive tract. Since then, the term has been used to describe multiple patches of premalignant disease, a higher than expected prevalence of multiple local second primary tumors and the presence of synchronous distant tumors within the upper aerodigestive tract. We report one such case of field cancerization in a 70-year-old male patient
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  162 96 -
CLINICAL REVIEW
"A Clinical and Radiographic Study of Supernumerary Teeth": Report of Hundred Cases with Review of Literature
Shilpa J Parikh, Madhura jain
April-June 2006, 18(2):75-81
Supernumerary teeth are commonly encountered in our day to day life by the general dentist. Most supernumerary teeth are located in the maxilla with male predilection. Detection of supernumerary teeth is best achieved by thorough clinical and radiographic examination. Their management should form part of a comprehensive treatment plan. This article presents a clinical and radiographic study of hundred cases of supernumerary teeth and an overview of the clinical problems associated with supernumerary teeth.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  167 86 -
SHORT COMMUNICATION
Complex Odontome Causing Facial Asymmetry
Karthikeya Patil, VG Mahima, Bhavna Gupta
April-June 2006, 18(2):134-137
Odontomas are the most common non-cystic odontogenic lesions representing 70% of all odontogenic tumors. Often small and asymptomatic, they are detected on routine radiographs. Occasionally they become large and produce expansion of bone with consequent facial asymmetry. We report a case of such a lesion causing expansion of the mandible in an otherwise asymptomatic patient.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  157 87 -
CASE REPORTS
Lingual Thyroid - A Case Report with Brief Review of Literature
Renuka J Bathi, Neeraj Taneja, Reema Rao
April-June 2006, 18(2):109-118
Lingual thyroid is a rare congenital anomaly that results from the failure of descent of the primitive thyroid from the foramen caecum. A case of ectopic lingual thyroid in a 28 year old female is reported here, along with review of literature with respect to investigations performed, various management modalities of lingual thyroid and the outcome of these approaches. We have also discussed the differential diagnosis of lingual thyroid.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  155 87 -
Gorham's Massive Osteolysis - A Rare Case Report
Mangala Meti, Neelkantrao Patil, Surekha Puranik
April-June 2006, 18(2):119-123
Massive osteolysis is well known by the synonyms vanishing bone disease, phantom bone disease. First case ever reported was by Jackson in 1838 and later in 1972 in a patient with disappearing humerus. Romer in 1924 reported first case in the jaws. There are only very few cases reported in the jaws in the literature. Considering the rarity of the condition, this case of massive osteolysis of entire mandibular involvement, in an Indian woman is the first ever case to be reported in the literature. Thus we report here an interesting case of vanishing bone disease of the lower jaw and a generalized wasting in a 60 year old female patient.The clinical and radiologic findings were consistent with the criteria for the diagnosis of Gorham's massive osteolysis.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  150 87 -
Peripheral Hemangioma of Maxillary Gingiva - A Case Report
Chaudhary Arati, Nivaskar Vilas
April-June 2006, 18(2):106-108
Hemangiomas of the jaw bones are rare benign lesions characterized by proliferation of the blood vessels. Peripheral hemangiomas that involve the soft tissue are more common in the mandible than in the maxilla. A case of peripheral vascular hemangioma in a young female patient which shows diversity in the site of occurrence is reported along with the latest investigation procedure that was employed for the diagnosis and treatment planning of maxillo-facial hemangiomas.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  154 81 -
EDITORS CORNER
"Well Begun is Half Done!"
R Gopakumar
April-June 2006, 18(2):74-74
Full text not available  [PDF]
  127 91 -
CURRENT LITERATURE
Abstracts from International Dental Journals
Giridhar S Naidu, R Gopakumar
April-June 2006, 18(2):138-138
Full text not available  [PDF]
  101 71 -
HAPPENINGS
Information of National and International Activities
Giridhar S Naidu
April-June 2006, 18(2):141-141
Full text not available  [PDF]
  96 74 -
CURRENT LITERATURE
Book Review
Giridhar S Naidu, R Gopakumar
April-June 2006, 18(2):139-140
Full text not available  [PDF]
  88 73 -
HAPPENINGS
Continuing Education Excercise
Giridhar S Naidu, R Gopakumar
April-June 2006, 18(2):142-142
Full text not available  [PDF]
  90 62 -