Journal of Indian Academy of Oral Medicine and Radiology

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2017  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 200--204

Ultrasonography as a diagnostic tool in orofacial swellings


Sunidhi Garg1, Mysore K Sunil2, Sahil Jindal3, Ashwarya Trivedi1, Eeraian N Guru4, Sugandha Verma5 
1 Department of Oral Medicine, Diagnosis and Maxillofacial Radiology, Guru Nanak Dev Dental College and Research Institute, Sunam, Punjab, India
2 Department of Oral Medicine, Diagnosis and Maxillofacial Radiology, Teerthanker Mahaveer Dental College and Research Centre, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Guru Nanak Dev Dental College and Research Institute, Sunam, Punjab, India
4 Department of Oral Medicine, Diagnosis and Maxillofacial Radiology, Vishnu Dental College, Bheemavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India
5 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Hazaribag College of Dental Sciences, Hazaribag, Jharkhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Sunidhi Garg
Department of Oral Medicine, Diagnosis and Maxillofacial Radiology, Genesis Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Ferozepur, Punjab
India

Introduction: For several years, ultrasonography has played a major role as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool in various medical fields. Only recently has it been used for maxillofacial imaging. Aims and Objectives: To evaluate the reliability of ultrasonography as an alternative tool in the diagnosis of swellings in the orofacial region. Materials and Methods: Ultrasonographic examination of 30 patients of both the sexes aged between 8 and 70 years with swelling in the orofacial region was conducted. Doppler investigation was done in some cases to evaluate the vascularity. The following six sonographic parameters were recorded: shape, boundary echo, internal echo, distribution of internal echoes, posterior wall echoes, and vascularity. Following the clinical and ultrasonographic diagnosis, the lesion was subjected to histopathological examination and a final diagnosis was made. The ultrasonographic diagnosis was correlated with the clinical and histopathological diagnosis. Results: A significant association was observed between both clinical and histopathological diagnosis and ultrasonographic diagnosis (contingency = 0.888, P value = 0.000). Conclusion: Along with clinical and histopathological examinations, ultrasonography works out as a valuable adjunct in the diagnosis of orofacial swellings as it provides several advantages like it is non-invasive, easily reproducible, widely available, rapid, and inexpensive.


How to cite this article:
Garg S, Sunil MK, Jindal S, Trivedi A, Guru EN, Verma S. Ultrasonography as a diagnostic tool in orofacial swellings.J Indian Acad Oral Med Radiol 2017;29:200-204


How to cite this URL:
Garg S, Sunil MK, Jindal S, Trivedi A, Guru EN, Verma S. Ultrasonography as a diagnostic tool in orofacial swellings. J Indian Acad Oral Med Radiol [serial online] 2017 [cited 2020 Dec 3 ];29:200-204
Available from: https://www.jiaomr.in/article.asp?issn=0972-1363;year=2017;volume=29;issue=3;spage=200;epage=204;aulast=Garg;type=0