Journal of Indian Academy of Oral Medicine and Radiology

CASE REPORT
Year
: 2009  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 37--41

Discoid lupus erythematosus: A case report with review of the literature


CK Sreejan1, R Gopakumar2, Subhas Babu1, RK Roopashri1 
1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, A. B. Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Deralakatte, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Mahatma Gandhi Dental College, Jaipur, India

Correspondence Address:
C K Sreejan
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, A. B. Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Deralakatte, Mangalore, Karnataka
India

Discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) is the most common form of chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus. Classic DLE lesions begin as red-purple macules, papules or small plaques and rapidly develop a hyperkeratotic surface. Most patients with untreated classic DLE lesions suffer indolent progression to large areas of cutaneous dystrophy and scarring alopecia that can be psychosocially devastating. A 68-year-old male patient presented with non-healing ulcers of the mouth since 6 months and skin lesions since 2 months. Examination revealed erythematous, disc-like, scaly plaques over the face, nose and scalp, showing signs of healing accompanied by scarring and hypopigmentation. Histopathologic examination verified a diagnosis of DLE. Topical steroids and antifungals were applied to the lesions twice daily for 2 weeks. After 2 weeks of application, all lesions regressed significantly. Follow-up is important and necessary every 6 months because DLE is considered as a pre-cancerous condition and for the early detection of systemic lupus erythematosus and to minimize scarring. The recent advances in the diagnostic criteria and treatment have also been highlighted.


How to cite this article:
Sreejan C K, Gopakumar R, Babu S, Roopashri R K. Discoid lupus erythematosus: A case report with review of the literature.J Indian Acad Oral Med Radiol 2009;21:37-41


How to cite this URL:
Sreejan C K, Gopakumar R, Babu S, Roopashri R K. Discoid lupus erythematosus: A case report with review of the literature. J Indian Acad Oral Med Radiol [serial online] 2009 [cited 2022 Jun 29 ];21:37-41
Available from: https://www.jiaomr.in/article.asp?issn=0972-1363;year=2009;volume=21;issue=1;spage=37;epage=41;aulast=Sreejan;type=0