Journal of Indian Academy of Oral Medicine and Radiology

CLINICAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2004  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 9--18

An Epidemiological Study of Oral Mucosal Lesions in Karnataka State, India


K. V. V Prasad, SB Javali, G Rajesh, A Jithendra 
 Department of Public Health Dentistry, SDM College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Sattur, Dharwad 580009, Karnataka, India

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This article presents oral mucosal lesions findings from a state oral health survey of Karnataka, India. A total of 46,579 subjects aged 1-4 to 65+ years were selected by using multistage-cluster-stratified random sampling method and subjects were examined by 32 dentists trained in standardized clinical diagnostic criteria for oral mucosal lesions. In the present study, 7.53% of subjects had one or more oral mucosal lesions, in which, male subjects (9.41 %) had a significantly higher prevalence of lesions compared to female subjects (4.38%); urban subjects (11.61%) had a significantly higher prevalence than rural subjects (5.01 %) and the Christian subjects had a significantly higher prevalence of lesions than the Hindus, Muslims and others (F=211.594, <0.001, S). The observed prevalence of oral mucosal lesions increased with age (r=0.8174, P<0.05, S), which is statistically significant. The most prevalent lesions observed were Leukoplakia (1.73%), Lichen planus (2.02%) Ulceration (0.73%), Candidiasis (0.94%) and Abscess (1.05%). The maximum number of lesions was seen in sulci (7.33%) and the minimum number of lesions was seen in lips (0.02%). Differences in prevalence were analyzed by sex, religion, location and geographical area.


How to cite this article:
Prasad K, Javali S B, Rajesh G, Jithendra A. An Epidemiological Study of Oral Mucosal Lesions in Karnataka State, India .J Indian Acad Oral Med Radiol 2004;16:9-18


How to cite this URL:
Prasad K, Javali S B, Rajesh G, Jithendra A. An Epidemiological Study of Oral Mucosal Lesions in Karnataka State, India . J Indian Acad Oral Med Radiol [serial online] 2004 [cited 2023 Feb 2 ];16:9-18
Available from: http://www.jiaomr.in/article.asp?issn=0972-1363;year=2004;volume=16;issue=1;spage=9;epage=18;aulast=Prasad;type=0