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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 454-457

Multiple myeloma of the jaw: A case report

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, KLE Society's Institute of Dental Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Shubhasini A Raghavan
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, KLE Society's Institute of Dental Sciences, No. 20, Yeshwanthpur Suburb, Tumkur Road, Bangalore - 560 022, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-1363.155664

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Multiple myeloma is a systemic B-cell lymphoproliferative disease that causes osteolytic lesions in the vertebra, ribs, pelvic bone, skull and jaw. Rarely jaw lesions are seen as the first sign in multiple myeloma. This is a case report with follow up of a 57-year-old female patient, previously treated for osteoporosis, who presented with a swelling of the jaw. On radiographic examination, she was found to have osteolytic lesions in the mandible and skull bones. These conventional aids led to the diagnosis of multiple myeloma thereby proving that the osteoporotic lesions were a part of the spectrum of multiple myeloma. The patient underwent chemotherapy and is currently on follow-up. This case report emphasizes the importance of early diagnosis of multiple myeloma in the jaw using readily available technologies and illustrates the contribution that oral assessment can provide.

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