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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 385-389

Prevalence of soft tissue calcifications on digital panoramic radiographs: A retrospective study

1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Kannur Dental College, Kannur, Kerala, India
2 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, JSS Dental College, Mysore, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, BBD College of Dental Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
4 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, BBD College of Dental Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Janisha Vengalath
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Kannur Dental College, Anjarakandy, Kannur, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-1363.155676

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Aims and Objectives: To determine the prevalence of visible calcifications in soft tissues of the orofacial region in digital panoramic radiographs. Materials and Methods: Panoramic radiographs of 1615 adult male and female dental outpatients who had visited the dental college for various dental treatments were scrutinized for calcifications. Soft tissue calcifications were recorded according to gender, age, and site. Results: Patients identified with soft tissue calcifications comprised 63.41% arteriosclerosis, 45.29% calcified atherosclerotic plaques, phlebolith in 11.7%, sialolith of submandibular salivary gland in 4.3%, calcified stylomandibular and stylohyoid ligament in 4.2%, tonsillolith in 3.2% and lymph node calcification in 2.1% of the radiographs. The association of presence of calcification with age was analyzed with the Chi-square test (P<0.05). Women showed an increased prevalence of soft tissue calcifications (P<0.001). Mean age of participants with calcification and without calcification was assessed (P<0.05) using Mann-Whitney U test. Conclusion: Carotid artery calcifications were found to be high among the soft tissue calcifications and women after menopause showed an increase in the carotid artery calcifications.

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