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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 521-526

A comparative study on oral manifestations of controlled and uncontrolled Type 2 diabetes mellitus in South Indian patients

1 Reader, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, ITS Dental College, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Professor and Head, Department of Oral Medicine, KD Dental College and Hospital, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Siddharth Gupta
Reader, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, C-109, Sector-23, Noida-201301 Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10011-1214

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Background: A large epidemiologic study on oral health has found that severe oral soft tissue lesions were more prevalent in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Our objective of this article is to characterize and compare oral changes both in controlled (previously diagnosed) and uncontrolled, newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients. Methodology: This cross-sectional study determined the prevalence and characteristics of oral soft tissue diseases, hard tissue changes identified during a comprehensive oral evaluation of 50 adult subjects with previously diagnosed controlled type 2 diabetic group and 50 randomly and newly diagnosed uncontrolled type 2 diabetics. Results Specific oral manifestations, reactionary changes were identified in uncontrolled diabetic group. Controlled group had less seventy when compared to their counterpart of uncontrolled diabetics. Higher prevalence rate of Candida, periodontal abscess, sialadenosis, severe periodontitis and other reactionary changes were recorded and found to be statistically significant when compared with controlled type 2 diabetic group. Conclusion: The present study helped to familiarize with the oral changes manifested in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients and understand the possible complications and reactionary changes both in controlled and uncontrolled groups of diabetics.

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