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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 61-64

Sjogren's Syndrome: A Review


1 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, DJ College of Dental Sciences and Research Modinagar, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, DJ College of Dental Sciences and Research Modinagar, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Laboratory Medicine, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Rani Somani
Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, 617, G-3, Sector-1 Vaishali, Ghaziabad-201010, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10011-1094

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Sjogren's syndrome, also known as "Mikulicz disease" or "Sicca syndrome" is a systemic autoimmune disease in which immune cells attack and destroy the exocrine glands that produce tears and saliva. It can exist by itself (primary Sjogren syndrome) or develop in association with another disorder such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic sclerosis, primary biliary cirrhosis or Hashimoto thyroiditis (associated Sjogren syndrome). Hallmarks are the dry mouth and dry eyes known as the Sicca syndrome. Sjogren syndrome affects t million to 4 million people in the United States- Most are over 40 years old at the time of diagnosis. As there is no known cure for Sjogren syndrome, treatment focuses on relieving symptoms and preventing complications. The most serious complication associated with primary Sjogren syndrome is the development of a lymphoproliferative disease. primarily non-Hodgkin lymphoma.


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