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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 154-158

Gender determination using mandibular ramus and gonial angle on OPG

1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Darshan Dental College, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Kiit University, Bhuvaneshwar, Odisha, India
3 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Pacific Dental College, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
4 Department of Ent and Head Neck Oncosurgeon, Gbh American Hospital, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Kanishk Mehta
Department of ENT and HNS, GBH American Hopsital, 101, Kothi Bagh, Bhatt Ji Ki Bari, Udaipur - 313 004, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jiaomr.jiaomr_169_19

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Background: The forensic osteologist is usually asked to provide information that may confirm, or assist in determining, the identity of an individual from their skeletal remain. Mandibular ramus can differentiate between the two genders as the stages of mandibular development, growth rates, and duration are distinctly different in both sexes. Aim: To measure and evaluate the various dimensions of the mandibular ramus and the angle of the mandible as observed on orthopantomogram (OPG) and compare it with both sexes. Setting and Design: It is a retrospective study where OPG of 900 mandibles were studied on each side and analyzed to evaluate gender variations. Materials and Methods: KODAK 8000C Digital Panoramic and Cephalometric System and Masterview 4.5.4 software was used for data tabulation. Statistical Analysis: Descriptive analysis was used to analyze the results. Result and Conclusion: Mandibular ramus breadth and gonial angle have been found to be the most reliable parameters in gender determination

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