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RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 177-181

Oral health status and treatment needs of psychiatric inpatients in Ranchi, India


1 Postgraduate Student, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology Rama Dental College-Hospital and Research Center, Kanpur Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Professor, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Rama Dental College-Hospital and Research Center, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Senior Lecturer, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Rama Dental College-Hospital and Research Center, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
4 Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology, Ranchi Institute of Neuro-Psychiatry and Allied Sciences, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
5 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatric Social Work, Ranchi Institute of Neuro-Psychiatry and Allied Sciences, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
6 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Ranchi Institute of Neuro-Psychiatry and Allied Sciences, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Bhuvan Jyoti
Postgraduate Student, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology Rama Dental College-Hospital and Research Center, Kanpur Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Background: Oral health has an impact on general health, self-esteem and quality of life, but it often has a low priority in the context of mental health and in some phases of illness, the priority may be nonexistent Patients with psychiatric illness have poor oral hygiene than general population. Very few studies have been reported regarding the oral health among Indian psychiatric inpatients. Aim: To assess the oral health status of long-term psychiatric inpatients in a psychiatric institute and to evaluate the treatment requirements of psychiatric inpatients for maintaining the oral hygiene. Materials and methods: Psychiatric inpatients were examined and data was collected using the WHO standardized dental evaluation form in the psychiatric institute. Results: One hundred and forty-one patents (53% female: mean age: 36.56 ± 13.28 years: 47% male: mean age: 37.36 ± 12.49 years: length of illness: More than 5 years, 35.5%: less than 5 years, 84.5%) were included in the study. 73% being schizophrenics. Dental canes was found in 55.3% patients. Calculus was present in 94.3% patients. Missing teeth was found in 22.7% patients. Mucosal lesions and oral ulcers were seen in 5.7 and 1 4% of total examined patients respectively. Percentages of patient requiring extractions were 34.8%. oral prophylaxis 98.6%. conservative treatment 31.9% and prosthesis 20.6%. Age was significantly correlated with number of decayed (r = 0.294, p < 0.01) and missing teeth (r = 0.436, p < 0.01). Length of illness was significantly correlated with number of decayed (r = 0.258. p < 0.01) and missing teeth (r = 0.229. p < 0.0 1) Conclusion: Oral health is an important and integral part of health care. Members of multidisciplinary team should be encouraged to assist psychiatric patients in maintaining their oral health with good oral hygiene and access to dental treatment taking into account their special needs.


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