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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 24-29

Classification system for oral submucous fibrosis


1 Head, Department of Oral Medicine, KM Shah Dental College Vadodara, Gujarat, India
2 Postgraduate Student, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology KM Shah Dental College, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Chandramani Bhagvan More
Head, Department of Oral Medicine, KM Shah Dental College Vadodara, Gujarat
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a potentially malignant disorder (PMD) and crippling condition of oral mucosa. It is a chronic insidious scarring disease of oral cavity, pharynx and upper digestive tract, characterized by progressive inability to open the mouth due to loss of elasticity and development of vertical fibrous bands in labial and buccal tissues. OSMF is a debilitating but preventable oral disease. It predominantly affects people of Southeast Asia and Indian subcontinent, where chewing of arecanut and its commercial preparation is high. Presence of fibrous bands is the main characteristic feature of OSMF. The present literature review provides the compilation of various classification system based on clinical and/or histopathological features of OSMF from several databases. The advantages and drawbacks of these classifications supersede each other, leading to perplexity. An attempt is made to provide and update the knowledge about this potentially malignant disorder to health care providers in order to help in early detection and treatment, thus reducing the mortality of oral cancer.


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