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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 360-364

Automated dental identification system: An aid to forensic odontology


1 Professor and Head, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Rama Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Professor, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Rama Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Reader, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Rama Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
4 Postgraduate Student, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Rama Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Parvathi Devi
Professor and Head, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, House No-1260, 46th Cross 1st Stage, Kumaraswami Layout, Bengaluru-560078, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10011-1169

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Automated dental identification system is computer-aided software for the postmortem identification of deceased individuals based on dental characteristics specifically radiographs. This system is receiving increased attention because of the large number of victims encountered in the mass disasters and it is 90% more time saving and accurate than the conventional radiographic methods. This technique is based on the intensity of the overall region of tooth image and therefore it does not necessitate the presence of sharp boundary between the teeth. It provides automated search and matching capabilities for digitized radiographs and photographic dental images and compares the teeth present in multiple digitized dental records in order to access their similarity. This paper highlights the functionality of its components and techniques used in realizing these components.


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