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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 609-612

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in children


1 Professor and Head, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, MM College of Dental Sciences and Research Ambala, Haryana, India
2 Professor, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, MM College of Dental Sciences and Research, Ambala, Haryana, India
3 Senior Lecturer, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Desh Bhagat Dental College and Hospital, Muktsar, Punjab, India
4 Senior Lecturer, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, MM College of Dental Sciences and Research Ambala, Haryana, India
5 Senior Lecturer, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Genesis Institute of Dental Sciences and Research Ferozepur, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Aman Kalucha
Senior Lecturer, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Desh Bhagat Dental College and Hospital, Muktsar, Punjab
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10011-1232

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Sleep, probably a quarter of every human's life, forms an important factor in children's development- Sleep disorders can impair children's sleep and lead to negative consequences. The consequences of these disorders can be substantial, leading to hypersomnolence, neurocognitive deficits, and significant cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome include adenotonsillar hypertrophy, Down's syndrome, obesity, family history of snoring or any condition leading to narrowing of upper airway- As the dentists are becoming increasingly aware of the issue of OSA, they are frequently involved in treatment of this condition using oral appliances- Moreover, they play an active role in identifying those with enlarged tonsils and referring them for sleep assessment. This paper provides an overview of OSA, including an outline of the diagnostic protocol and a summary of the wide variety of treatment modalities in children.


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