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RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 502-506

Correlation of oral manifestations with circulating CD4+ T lymphocytes in patients


1 Reader, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, The Oxford Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Profer or and Head, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, The Government Dental College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
3 Professor and Head, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, The Oxford Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Bharati A Patil
Reader, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, No. 201, Sapthagiri Lakeview, 35th Main. 7th Cross. BTM 2nd Stage, Bengaluru-68, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10011-1210

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Background and objectives Oral mucosal lesions have been described in HIV infected individuals since the beginning of the epidemic. Occurrence of these oral manifestations has been associated with lower CD4+ cell counts. The present study was undertaken to assess the relevance of using oral manifestations as markers of immune deterioration by correlating the oral manifestations to the levels of circulating CD4+ T lymphocyte counts in HIVIAIDS patients. Study design: A complete oral examination was carried out for 96 HIV-infected individuals whose CD4+ counts were available within 1 month of oral examination. The CD4+ counts were estimated using a FACSCount machine. The data collected was subjected for statistical analysis using student t-test and Chi-square test. Results: The prevalence of oral manifestations was 57.3%, i.e. amongst the 96 patients 55 had oral manifestations. The mean CD4+ count when any oral manifestation present was 158 ΁ 187. The mean CD4+ count of patients in whom there were no oral manifestations was 397 ΁ 256. Conclusion: Oral manifestations of HIV are associated with lower CD4+ count and can be used as clinical markers of immune deterioration.


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