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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 208-210

Dental Health of Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis (A Study)


1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, KD Dental College and Hospital, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, KD Dental College and Hospital, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Vinay Mohan
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, KD Dental College and Hospital, Mathura Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10011-1129

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The primary purpose of this study was to determine the oral manifestations of patients undergoing dialysis. Two subgroups of the population were studied: (1) Those who have been on dialysis for less than one year, (2) those who have been on dialysis for more than one year. Two dental indices–periodontal index and decayed, missing, filled index were used to identify periodontal status, dental canes activity. Data were compiled and analyzed by using the unpaired t-test. Results suggested that 100% (n = 26) of the patients undergoing dialysis presented with some form of periodontal disease (mean value = 2.24, standard deviation = 1.33). Majority of the patients displayed either established periodontal disease (57.6%) or the beginning of periodontal disease (38 4%). Approximately, 70% of the patients had high decayed, missing, filled index (mean value = 6.19, standard deviation = 6.40). Findings led to the conclusion that patients on dialysis need comprehensive professional oral care and self-care instructions. The source of infection in oral cavity can cause variety of systemic diseases, causing morbidity and mortality in these immune-suppressed patients.


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