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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 115-119

Dentin Hypersensitivity: Recent Concepts in Management


1 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Modern Dental College and Research Center Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India
2 Department of Orthodontics, Swargiya Dadasaheb Kalmegh Smruti Dental College and Hospital Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Chhattisgarh Dental College and Research Institute Rajnandgaon, Chhattisgarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Vijay Mantri
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Modern Dental College and Research Center, B-307, Staff Quarters, Airport Road, Gandhi Nagar, Indore, Madhya Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10011-1108

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Tooth sensitivity is a very common clinical presentation which can cause considerable concern for patients. Dentin hypersensitivity (DH) is characterized by short sharp pain arising from exposed dentin in response to stimuli. The most widely accepted theory of how the pain occurs is Brannstrom's hydrodynamic theory, fluid movement within the dentinal tubules. The condition generally involves the facial surfaces of teeth near the cervical aspect and is very common in premolars and canines. This condition is frequently encountered by dentists, periodontists, hygienists and dental therapists. Some dental professionals lack confidence in treating DH. The management of this condition requires a good understanding of the complexity of the problem, as well as the variety of treatments available. This review considers the etiopathogenesis, incidence, diagnosis, prevention and management of dentinal hypersensitivity. DH is diagnosed after elimination of other possible causes of the pain. Any treatment plan for DH should include identifying and eliminating predisposing etiologic factors. Professionals should appreciate the role causative factors play in localizing and initiating hypersensitive lesions. It is important to identify these factors so that prevention can be included in the treatment plan. Treatments can be self-administered by the patient at home or be applied by a dental professional in the dental office. At-home methods tend to be simple and inexpensive and can treat simultaneously generalized DH affecting many teeth Desensitizing treatment should be delivered systematically, beginning with prevention and at-home treatments. The latter may be supplemented with in-office modalities.


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